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FOH engineer
James Gebhard


Contact: Clyne Media, Inc.
Tel: (615) 662-1616
Fax: (615) 662-1636


Live Engineer to Live Producer: Mixing Whitesnake with Waves eMotion LV1

KNOXVILLE, TN, November 1, 2018FOH engineer James Gebhard (The Killers, The Strokes, Ride) shares how mixing with plugins inside his Waves eMotion LV1 Live mixer helps him achieve studio-level sound while on tour with Whitesnake. He describes his setup and motivations of why he chose to use the eMotion LV1, and how he uses Waves plugins while on the tour.

His current setup includes two SoundStudio STG-2412 interfaces with 48 analog ins, two AES ins, 24 analog outs and two AES outs. His front rig features two Dell P2418HT multi-touch displays in a clamshell design; one 2014 Mac mini (500GB SSD, 16GB Ram i7 processor); one Waves SoundGrid Extreme Server for plugin processing; one DiGiGrid IOC interface as a primary I/O (as he feeds the PA system via AES); and one NETGEAR 16-ports switch to connect everything. In addition, he employs a Sennheiser SPB 8000 unit for 5.1 audience recording at FOH. The SPM 8000 microphone is Y-split and routed into the DiGiGrid IOC, and two mic pres are routed also into the SPB8000 module. He takes the 5.1 AES feeds from the SPB8000 back into the DiGiGrid IOC AES inputs, so he can record a straight L+R audience mic feed, alongside the full 5.1 feed on the AES inputs, “meaning that there is no need to process the signal at mixdown if any of the shows are used for anything later, since it’s all there on the recording!”

Gebhard comments, “One thing I always try to do as an engineer is keep my finger on the pulse, keep an eye on what’s happening with the tools of our trade. Things are constantly evolving, and it’s very easy to fall into a comfortable pocket of what you are used to and never move forward. I’ve always strived to find ways to push myself as an engineer. When the digital crossover started, I was very keen to see what all the fuss was about. So, on tour with The Strokes in 2003, I left my trusted Midas XL4 console and jumped on a DiGiCo D5 (and progressed to the SD7, when it was launched) and loved it. Fortunately, I had a band that trusted my judgement and left the decision in my hands. From that point on, I always made the effort to check out the ‘competition,’ be it a VENUE Profile, PM1D / 5D, Vi, or at the time, an Innovason desk. So, when the Waves eMotion LV1 came out it was certainly on my radar to try and check it out. When Whitesnake hit me up in 2017 and said they were going back out on tour in 2018, I made an effort to get myself in front of a LV1 to check it out, to see if I wanted to make a transition to it from my previous console.”

About the benefits of using the LV1, he states,Two things above all: the sound quality – the separation and definition are at a level I had never heard before in a live environment – and the ease of setup. Easy setup is a major bonus, since on this tour I do not have a FOH audio tech with me. All I have to do is ‘unlid’ a few flight cases and plug in a few cables – literally, that's all! My LV1 setup is on wheels and just rolls into place, and presto, I’m ready to go.”

He continues, “When I was looking into testing the LV1, I spoke with WavesLive UK dealer Andy ‘Baggy’ Robinson from Nifty Audio to help set up a demo system to try out. The best way of demoing it for myself was where it was going to be used in a live scenario. I spoke with the band that I was mixing at the time, Ride, and they, just like The Strokes, were absolutely fine with whatever I wanted to do out front. I normally tour with one of my DiGiCo’s with Ride, so I could do a direct comparison between a desk I knew inside out and something brand new. So, I messed with an LV1 setup at home with some multi-tracks, and into the show we went! Funnily enough the best date for everyone to do the test was at Ride’s London show – I like going in feet first! We ended up using my DiGiCo D-Rack, feeding into a DiGiCo Little Blue Box to split the signal into the LV1 and into my DiGiCo S21. The S21 controlled the preamps, but I didn't have to touch the digital input trims much on the eMotion LV1 as I was setting the gain. Both desks pretty much ran like-for-like as far as plugin operation goes: I was using onboard EQ and dynamics on the DiGiCo, vs. the Waves eMo Q4 Equalizer , eMo F2 Filter and eMo D5 Dynamics on the LV1 – but all other plugins were the same, so effectively the only difference was the desks themselves. During soundcheck I would flip between the DiGiCo and the LV1 by just muting/unmuting the masters. When doing this, Baggy, Whitesnake’s tour manager, and myself just couldn't believe the difference. Yes, obviously, we were all expecting some difference, as you get when directly comparing desks side by side, but nothing prepared us for it being THAT different. Fab Piazzini, WavesLive Product Specialist, had told me how good it was, but nothing had prepared me for this. The separation, the definition – I had never heard anything like it before in a live environment.”

Gebhard continues, “From that point on, I buried my head into research about potential eMotion LV1 setups and various options of what I wanted in my rig. This is when I was introduced to Jon Schumann, FOH engineer for Danish artist MØ, who’s also touring with the LV1 and has been an invaluable bank of knowledge and advice for me. Then, heading to Japan with Ride, I was introduced to the local dealer, ReWire, whose CEO, Masayuki Mack Miyamura kindly lent me his LV1 to use on the Japan tour. And after that I mixed Ride’s entire Asian tour with the LV1.”

About using plugins, Gebhard notes, “The most important plugins are what I have in my master chain. We all know what great mastering can do for a studio recording. Same with my live mixes. Plugins that feature heavily in my show-file are the Waves Scheps Omni Channel , which sits across my rhythm section (kick, toms, bass). The flexibility of this plugin is insane. When I first got it on demo, I wasn't overtly sold on it, as I didn't really think it did much that I couldn't do with my other plugins. But mixing live you quickly become conscious of what plugins you are actually using, and the Scheps Omni Channel just nails it live with minimal CPU. The SSL E-Channel sits across all my silverware (hi-hats, four channels of overheads and ride). I don't think it needs much describing, as any engineer knows just how good this plugin is. The Scheps 73 is used on my snare mics and on my guitar sub groups. One of the issues you have when you play larger venues is that when you’re panning instruments, it creates a lot of space within your mix, but it can also mean that some of the audience aren’t fully experiencing the entire mix. I have two channels of guitar from each player, one guitar straight up the center, with the others slightly panned to their respective side. With the Scheps 73 on my stereo guitar bus, I can slightly EQ the high-mids and highs differently between the two channels, to give the quite narrow stereo field a perceived wider image without it actually being so. The API 2500 compressor is used on my four channels of guitars and all seven vocal channels (including spare). I own a few analog 2500’s, and to be able to have an almost endless amount of them on the LV1 makes me a very happy engineer. They are so versatile: from being a very smooth and soft compressor, to being able to shape the aggressive tone and all from the same plugin and the F6 Floating-Band Dynamic EQ which is just a godsend. Six channels of dynamic EQ! The gods of audio smile on us... I use the F6 on all of my sub groups (drums, bass, keys, stage left and stage right guitars and backing vocals) and on [Whitensake frontman] David Coverdale’s main vocal. What is really interesting with the F6 is that I have zero need to do traditional EQ. Everything is set dynamically, which leads to a very consistent result, be it spoken word between songs or full on rock crescendo vocals.”

He notes, “I’ve never mixed a Whitesnake show without Waves plugins. Historically I had an SD10 console with a Waves MultiRack plugin host running alongside, so I have always had the tools to do what I have wanted to. I think it's easy to take for granted how versatile Waves plugins make you as an engineer. It's only when you are faced with a standard no-Waves environment that you realize how much you have come to rely on them, especially things like de-essing, sidechain compressors, dynamic EQ, etc.”

Gebhard summarizes: “So, even before the LV1, using MultiRack alongside my console of choice gave me the ability to create and sculpt the sound I wanted with Waves. But for me, the LV1 has taken it to the next step: I have now gone from being a live engineer to being a live producer. The direct access to all the plugins right there in front of me, inside the console, together with the amazing sound quality, has taken my engineering skills up a few more rungs up the ladder.”

...ends 1623 words

Photo file: JamesGebhard.JPG
Photo caption: FOH engineer James Gebhard

About Waves Audio Ltd.:
Waves is the world’s leading developer of audio DSP solutions for the professional, broadcast, and consumer electronics audio markets. Since its start in the early '90s with the introduction of the Q10 equalizer plugin, Waves has gone on to develop a comprehensive line of over 150 audio plugins, including industry standards like the L1 and L2 Ultramaximizers, popular vintage console models, and innovative mixing tools like Vocal Rider and the Artist Signature Series. For its accomplishments, Waves received a Technical GRAMMY® Award in 2011, and the Q10 was selected as an inductee into the TECnology Hall of Fame. In 2016, Waves released the eMotion LV1 mixer, a revolutionary live digital mixing console that provides real-time audio mixing for front-of-house, monitor, studio and broadcast engineers. Waves technologies are now used to improve sound quality in virtually every sector of the audio market, from recording, mixing, mastering and post-production to broadcast, live sound, and consumer electronics. Waves has over 25 years of expertise in the development of psychoacoustic signal processing algorithms that leverage knowledge of human auditory perception to radically improve perceived sound quality. Waves’ award-winning processors are utilized to improve sound quality in the creation of hit records, major motion pictures, and top-selling video games worldwide. Waves offers computer software and hardware-plus-software solutions for the professional and broadcast markets. The company’s WavesLive division is a market leader in all live sound sectors, spearheading the development of solutions for all live platforms. Under its Maxx brand, Waves offers semiconductor and licensable algorithms for consumer electronics applications. Waves technologies dramatically enhance audio performance and are used by industry leaders such as Dell, Google, Fitbit, Acer, Asus, Hisense and more.

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